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Category Archives: Photography

Color Theory

Lightness, also called value (Munsell) or tone, is defined as a colors placement on a brightness scale ranging from black to white. The Munsell color space, for example, divides the lightness axis, called value, into ten equidistant steps. Lightness, on the other hand, stems from the HSL (Hue, Saturation, Lightness) and Lab color spaces where it is used similarly to Munsell value only in percent. The HSV (Hue, Saturation, Value) color space speaks not of lightness but of value and uses the word value differently than Munsell does. In HSV value ranges from black to not white, but to the fully saturated color. Paints can be made lighter or darker by adding white or black, but that also reduces saturation. “Tone” is an obsolete term that stems from darkroom photography to denote the lightness of a specific area of the print. Yet “tone” is still used in art where light and dark are built up with charcoal or similar drawing medium

In digital photography lightness can be calculated simply as (r+g+b)/3. However, that does not take into account that green is brighter than red and blue darker than red. In the IUV color space the relative brightness of the color channels is taken into consideration, like this: i=(76*r+150*g+29*b)/256; It approximately says that green is twice as bright as red and red is 2½ times brighter than blue.

In painting the term “tone” denotes an intermediate between gray and pure color. “Tint” denotes a mixture of pure color with white and “shade” denotes a mixture of pure color with black. In the real world tint and tone are not a simple as the theory implies, because though they do not have color in themselves, when white or black are mixed with a color, the color changes hue. In other words, black in mixtures behaves like a blueish color. For example if you mix yellow and black you don’t just get a darker yellow, but you get a darker and greenish yellow. Similarly will an addition of white make a color appear colder.

Photo Booth Rental Business

You do have to maintain the equipment and make sure that it is in good working order, you have to have organizational skills to make sure that you do not book renting out your photo booth to two different events at the same time, you have to be able to deliver and set up the photo booth, and much more.

When you have decided that this will be your new business venture you need to decide if you are going to either buy or rent the equipment that is needed to start the business. On average the start-up cost for a photo booth is two thousand dollars but it can be more. You also have the option to rent, or start a franchise from a well-known photo booth rental company that is already well established. Owning a franchise is a great idea if you want to learn how to operate a such business without having to do all the research on line and self teach yourself to run the business. The company that you have the franchise with can also assist you on other aspects of the business such as how to market your new business venture.

Before you decide which route to take you need to create a business plan so you can look at all your objectives, other marketing plans, and strategies. It is now time to think about the equipment because you cannot have a photo booth rental business if you do not have the equipment to start this type of business. If you have opted to have a franchise the parent company will provide your new company with the equipment that you need along with training to help you better manage your business.

You will also need to get all the necessary licenses and permits that are needed in order to run your new business. You will also need to check in on what your tax obligations will be. Once everything is completed you are ready for your first event so you need to start advertising. The best way to advertise is to offer a relative or close friend the use of your photo booth free for an hour at their next event in order to get personal references and possible new customers. You should also carry business cards with you.

Get a Photo Booth

When using a photo booth, photos are instantly given to guests. Professional photographers take engagement and must have wedding and reception photos, but the couple and families need to wait weeks to see them. Photo booth pictures are easy to receive.

Couples can think of creative ways to join the photos into the reception. They can have a photo board or hanging photo tree to get the guests involved in the photo booth. These ideas can extra fun to the evening and give both the couple and guests special memories from the wedding to take home with them.

A wedding photo booth allows guests to bring home personalised wedding favours that they will be able to keep forever and actually treasure. Many couples feel obligated to supply favours to their guests, but buy cheap trinkets just so guests have something. However, guests will enjoy and keep photos from the wedding that are fun mementos.

Photos from a photo booth create a unique guest book. Adding photos to the guest book will transform it from traditional to unique. Most booth rental companies have experienced staff members that can assemble the keepsakes and take care of problems that arise.

They can direct guests to the photo booth as they arrive and add the photo to customised book immediately. Guests can also leave a special message next to their photo to give the couple as a treasured keepsake forever.

Guests are one of the most important parts of the wedding day. Couples want memories of them being there. The best way to capture their attendance is with photo booth pictures. Especially if couples only have one photographer.

Each photo strip is customized to memory book just like the guest book. Couples will really enjoy looking through the book while on the honeymoon. It will show how much fun guests had at the wedding while couples were having fun at the reception.

Props make a photo booth infinitely more fun. Booths with props are fun for people of any age. Props will give guests a variety of dress up options and fun pictures to take. Most booths have an overflowing trunk of props that is constantly being added to.

Couples can even add certain props that go with a themed reception. The more props there are, the more guests will use it and have fun. Standard props are feather boas, mustaches, signs, and big crazy sunglasses. Couples add creativity as they want with the props to see the goofy side of all guests.

Pick First DSLR Camera

The truth is that, while most point-and-shoot cameras are great for things like family vacations and daily activities, a digital SLR is the best camera for you if you’re thinking about taking your photography to the next level. These cameras are perfect for the amateur photographer who wants to improve the quality of their pictures, and they’re practically the only option for those who are considering getting into professional photography, especially if they’re getting into wedding photography and other kinds of portraiture.

You’ve made the decision to upgrade your camera to a digital SLR, and that’s a good start. But, where do you go from here? What kind of camera should you buy? How do you go about choosing the right camera for you?

The answers to these questions are going to be based upon a variety of factors that may be very important to you, personally. Here are a few things to consider before making your first digital SLR purchase.

Consider the Brand

When talking with a majority of amateur and professional photographers, there’s a good chance that you’re going to hear about a variety of camera brands. And you might even find that there’s a little bit of a controversy. Think MAC vs. PC, or iPhone vs. Android. If you get a Canon enthusiast battling it out with a dedicated Nikon user, get ready for some fireworks. Photographers are fiercely loyal to their brands, and will defend them at all costs.

There are approximately five major digital SLR manufacturers, including Nikon, Canon, Sony, Pentax, and Fuji. In terms of camera quality, all of these manufacturers produce amazing digital SLR cameras. Plus, a majority of them have been around for quite some time. Sony got into the business of digital SLR cameras when they purchased Minolta, so they have quite a bit of history. And each and every one of them can list an impressive resume of achievements, awards, and innovations.

Ultimately, when you consider the brand, you’re considering your own loyalty and preferences. Have you traditionally bought point-and-shoot cameras from any of these brands? If so, you may want to purchase a digital SLR of the same brand.

Think About the Camera Ecosystem

What do I mean by a camera ecosystem? A camera ecosystem involves everything that is available within the brand. When you make the move to a digital SLR, you’re going to face a multitude of options when it comes to camera bodies, lenses, and accessories, as well as online support systems, seminars, tutorials, and literature.
Take some time and browse the availability of these kinds of options. You may also want to look at the prices. Price is a huge selling point for almost every digital SLR beginner. Do you want to start out small without a lot of investment? Consider purchasing the bare minimum: a camera body and a couple of lenses with a quality padded bag. If you want to go all out, check out the camera bundles offered by the various manufacturers and compare them to see which will give you the most bang for your buck.

Digital SLR Camera Features

First and foremost, when it comes to features, I should say that the camera body is not nearly as important as the lenses that you will eventually purchase to go with it. If you are a beginner, the multitude of features and options available on the most high-end of camera bodies will likely end up confusing you more than anything. Plus, the high-end camera bodies can be astronomically expensive and may not be the most appropriate for your budget as a beginner. Save your money for quality lenses that will impact the quality of your photos more than any other feature.
Other features that you will want to think about include resolution and optical stabilization. When it comes to mega pixels, bigger is always better… or so you thought. While greater resolution is a good thing, when it comes to a digital SLR, image quality depends most on the sensor size. With what’s currently available in terms of technology, most users will do just fine with 16 Mp.
Optical stabilization can also be very important, especially when shooting without a tripod. Nearly all digital SLR cameras have some sort of stabilization feature. A crucial thing to pay attention to is where the optical stabilization feature is located. Some are featured on only the lens, while others are featured on the camera body. This is vital because lenses with the optical stabilization feature can be much more expensive than lenses without it.

Add Effects to Photos

1- You can either choose to download a program or log onto a website that provides a platform of editing pictures. Most of these can be used free of charge. These platforms offer a slew of filters to alter the appearance of their digital images. One can easily install these programs.

2- Once you have installed the program as per the instructions given, you can start making changes to your images. Open the file or image, which has to be altered with effects.

3- Once an image has been opened in the program, you will have a wide array of filters through which you can edit your photographs. These filters are available in customary black and white effects as well as color effects, like glamor, ambience, dream, etc. There is a preview box that lets you see every effect on your image and helps you choose the right one.

4- While using several options to add effects to photos, you will also have the option of adjust the intensity of each effect. These effects include soft, softer and less-harsh. A subtle effect takes place on the original image with each adjustment. The effect can also be customized.

5- Once you are done with the desired changes, you can ‘process’ the image. The changes will now be visible on the image.

6- The new image should always be saved as a copy of the original, so you have the option of going back to the original image and make any different changes.

Expect In A Boudoir Photography

A Quick Look at the History

Boudoir is a French word that means “to pout”. Today, hearing this term refers to a popular form of personal glamour photography. However, during the 1700’s, the word boudoir is used to refer to the bathing and dressing room of a woman that comes with all the luxury that they can have. You will find there aesthetically excellent furniture, different scents of fragrance and flowers arranged in a way that will please the eye. It is a place for women’s luxury. Now, there may be some changes in the concept but that aspect of boudoir that aims to pamper women still remains but in the form of photographs.

How to Strike a Pose

Women who are not models or stars have the chance to have a glamour shot of their life as there are different studios who offer this service. The wardrobe plays an important role in taking pictures but pose is as significant as well. It is the responsibility of professional photographers to guide their subject in striking a pose. It may happen that the client is not a professional model and may not be comfortable in front of the camera. The success of the photoshoot rests on the cooperation between the subject and the photographer and on how the latter can make the former at ease while striking a sensual pose.

Become a Street Photographer

There are street photographers who are like ghosts. You don’t notice them and you certainly don’t notice them photographing you. They carry small cameras and they have learned the trick of focusing the lens by judging the distance between the subject and the camera and adjusting the focus ring based on that distance. Basically, they shoot from the hip, with wide lenses to compensate for framing defects as they don’t actually see the frame, they can only guess it. With such a behavior, it is normal not to see them. They are not paparazzi, but the people tend to control themselves when a person aims a camera at them. By shooting without their knowledge, you can capture genuine expressions which are the heart of street photography.

Stalk people. It’s not illegal on the street. See a person you like, walk with them, follow them until you can get a shot of them. Go for public places so you won’t get the police on your head. Try to follow facial expressions and move like lightning when one that you like comes up. It’s all in the expression, and that’s what you’re supposed to be hunting. Never take close shots. Make the subject and the surroundings a part of your composition. Some bland in, some stand out, but that’s the diversity and the fun of it. A suit and tie in an abandoned factory looks better than a homeless in an abandoned factory. Contrast is the key.

Carry small equipment. Do not go street photographing with big heavy cameras and lenses that look like bazookas, people will notice you right away. Use small cameras, the smallest possible, because quality is not an issue. the best street photography in the world has some of the worst image quality as well.

Rules of Composition in Photography

To begin with, I looked at the 128 page manual, hardly understood a word, so set the camera to auto and went off on safari. I took some great photos but it was only after I joined a local camera club and started to learn about the art of composition that I began to actually look through the lens and think about what I was doing, instead of simply pointing the camera at an object and pressing the shutter.

Like me, I suspect that many new photographers get confused, or even totally put off, by such things as focal length, ISO, aperture, shutter speed, focusing, exposure, etc., etc., and while I believe that it is very useful to understand the more technical elements, I do believe that the most important element for a new photographer to get to grips with, is Composition. All digital camera manufacturers spend a large amount of time and money on software to help the user get the correct camera settings to capture that shot and, as I did initially, if you set your camera on auto, the vast majority of time you will get technically good results. However the one thing that no camera is able to do, no matter how much money you have spent buying it, is compose a photo that is attractive to the eye.

So what do I mean by Composition? Putting it into its very basic form, composition can be said to be the way to create a photo that is aesthetically pleasing to the viewer. Sounds simple doesn’t it? Google “composition in photography” and you come up with such results as:-
20 Composition Techniques That Will Improve Your Photos:
10 Top Photography Composition Rules
9 Top Photography Composition Rules You Need To Know
18 Composition Rules For Photos That Shine
5 Elements of Composition in Photography
5 Easy Composition Guidelines
The 10 rules of photo composition (and why they work)
12 Rules for Effective Composition in Photography: etc., etc.!

While you will undoubtedly learn by reading all of those articles, (and I would suggest that you do in time), I will concentrate on a few simple rules that I follow. Before I go further, while some of these are called rules, remember rules are there to be broken. What I am trying to do is to encourage you to think about what you are trying to achieve when looking through the viewfinder. I will start then with something that you have probably already come across:-

The Rule of Thirds.

Basically, if you imagine a photo divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically, the main subject of the image should be where a vertical line cross a horizontal one.

Many modern cameras allow you to place a grid in the viewfinder which can be used to place the object where two lines intersect. While we are talking about the Rule of Thirds, it is generally best to place the horizon on one of the thirds, rather than in the centre of the frame, dependent on whether the main points of interest are in the sky or on the ground.

Leading Lines

These lead the viewers eyes into the picture either to the main subject or on a journey through the whole of the picture. Examples of leading lines could be a path wandering through the image, a fence line, a meandering road or a stream or river.

Symmetry

To demonstrate that the rules are no more than guidelines, the next one contradicts the Rule of Thirds. If your image is symmetrical, then it could benefit from being centred either on the horizontal, or vertical centre line. This works particularly well for reflections

Rule of Space

This rule is talking about giving the subject in the photo, space to move into the frame. This particularly applies to animals and vehicles. The object should have the most space in front of it, and not be right up to the edge of frame, giving it nowhere to go.

Rule of Odds

Generally speaking, it is thought that photos with an odd number of subjects is more visually appealing and natural looking than those with an even number, where the viewers eyes may flick around the image, unsure of where to settle. I tend to use the rule of odds particularly if taking a close up of flowers or the like.

I hope that I have given you a brief insight into composition and that when you next look through your viewfinder you will at least stop and think for a few seconds at what you are looking at and how the shot may be improved. But just remember, these rules, and all the others you will come across, are simply guide lines to help you go in the right direction, they are not railway tracks that you have to stick to rigidly. Finally I will end with the words of Pablo Picasso – “Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist.”

Wi-Fi Cameras

If you want to upload the photos to your phone or computer, you can easily do so. The good side is that you don’t have to use a cable to connect the camera to your Smartphone or computer for you to upload the photos; you only need to find a hotspot and you will be able to upload the photos automatically.

In addition to this, you have wireless control over the camera’s setting through your mobile device. Here you need to put on the Wi-Fi function and you will be able to connect the camera and your mobile phone and as a result you will be able to control the camera’s settings.

Challenges facing Wi-Fi cameras

Although, Wi-Fi cameras have the above benefits, they are being faced by a number of challenges. Some of the challenges include:

The system is hard to set up: unlike Smartphones that have large screens thus making them easy to set up, Wi-Fi cameras have small screens which make it hard to properly execute the various options. The small screens make it complicated to operate the devices.

Lack of dedicated apps: While some manufacturers make it easy for one to upload pictures to a social network or storage system, the corresponding apps are usually under-developed and often lack the necessary key features. The apps also tend to be too slow to accomplish the required task.

Compatibility: the unfortunate thing is that most of the present programs work only on particular operating systems. For the cameras to effectively work, the developers have to work on programs that will work across all platforms.

Price: the existing Wi-Fi cameras are more expensive than the regular cameras which often repel customers from buying them.

While the cameras face the above challenges, it’s easy to solve the challenges and create devices that anyone enthusiastic about technology will be eager to have.

Improve Photography Skills

Practice

Though this may seem somewhat obvious, many people only practice their photography skills during special moments. The more you become comfortable using your camera, the easier it will be for you to take excellent pictures for special occasions. Even when you do not have the camera in your hands, you can still practice with your eyes, noting which things will make good pictures.

Lighting Matters

Before you begin a photo session, look to see where your primary light sources are located. Are there awkward shadows being cast? Can you use them to create special effects? If there is shadowing that you would like to minimize on an up close photo, use the flash on your camera. It will help to light the dark areas. You also want to be certain that the light source is not directly behind you. Otherwise, you may inadvertently end up casting your own shadow into the photo.

Pay Attention

If you are working with human subjects, interact with them. Make eye contact and give them feedback on what you would like them to do. If you want your subjects to smile, have a well rounded stockpile of jokes and one-liners that you can use to release a natural smile when you are ready. If your subject is uncomfortable, it will show in the photos. Ask what you can do to help them if this occurs.

Look At Everything in the Frame

While you want your main subject to be at the center of your photograph, it is critical that you pay attention to the other elements surrounding them. Is there garbage or something else unsightly in the background of an anniversary picture? The message you wish for the picture to convey will make a difference in how these background elements will come across. For example, if you are showing the plight of the homeless, garbage in the background may be a desired addition to the picture.